This paper investigates the relationship among urbanization, energy consumption and CO2 emissions in the CEE countries. In this paper dynamic causal relationship of urbanization and CO emission is investigated using panel cointegration techniques by taking the period 1995-2010 in to consideration for CEE and Baltic countries. There is a long run relationship between these countries and have a positive relationship both from urbanization and energy consumption to CO2 emissions. Main results of the causality tests show that strong Granger causality running from CO2 emissions to urbanization.
Erginbay Ugurlu. "The Impact of Urbanization on CO2 Emissions in Transition Countries." Proceedings of the New York State Economics Association. vol. 7, October 2014, p. 170-180
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