Labor mobility is a strategy that used by workers to seek for higher rent for their human capital. In rural China, with economic growth in large urban areas and coastal regions, many rural workers choose to migrate to urban areas for wage employment in order to supplement their local income. While factors such as disparity of income between home village and destination, educational attainment, reduction of risk at home have been suggested to determine where to migrate, men and women tend to respond differently in the decision of job location. Plus, shortage of farmer workers in coastal areas of China in recent years demonstrates "reverse-flow" of rural migrants, which challenges the hypothesis that income is the driving force behind migration from rural to urban areas. This paper contributes to the existing literature by investigating the gender differences in job location choices in rural China. A generalized ordered logit model is employed to investigate data Rural-Urban Migration in China and find migrants with higher educational level tend to stay within the home province, while more educated male migrants tend to seek employment out of home province.
Xu Zhang. "Gender and Job Location Choices: Evidence from Rural Migrants in China." Proceedings of the New York State Economics Association. vol. 6, October 2013, p. 231-238
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