Proceedings of the New York State Economics Association


A Method for Separating Income and Substitution Effects of Exchange Rate Changes

John J. Heim

vol. 2, October 2009, p. 33-45


Regression estimates of exchange rate total effects on aggregate demand are broken into separate income and substitution effects. Total effects (substitution and income) estimates can seem contrary to theory and common sense. Separating them into their two components shows this is not the case. The separation method also provides a simple test to determine if imports are normal or inferior goods. The paper finds consumer imports are normal goods, but investment imports are inferior goods. The paper shows that if import total effects exceed domestic total effects, imports are a normal good. If smaller, they are inferior goods.


suggested citation:

John J. Heim. "A Method for Separating Income and Substitution Effects of Exchange Rate Changes." Proceedings of the New York State Economics Association. vol. 2, October 2009, p. 33-45

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